Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 nations, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal.
The goalkeepers are the only players allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play and only in their penalty area. Outfield players mostly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may also use their head or torso to do so instead. The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time and/or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. The Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA; French:Fédération Internationale de Football Association), which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years.
A football, soccer ball, or association football ball is the ball used in the sport of association football. The name of the ball varies according to whether the sport is called "football", "soccer", or "association football". The ball's spherical shape, as well as its size, weight, and material composition, are specified by Law 2 of the Laws of the Game maintained by the International Football Association Board. Additional, more stringent, standards are specified by FIFA and subordinate governing bodies for the balls used in the competitions they sanction.
Early footballs began as animal bladders or stomachs that would easily fall apart if kicked too much. Improvements became possible in the 19th century with the introduction of rubber and discoveries of Vulcanization by Charles Goodyear. The modern 32-panel ball design was developed in 1962 by Eigil Nielsen, and technological research continues today to develop footballs with improved performance.
In 1863, the first specifications for footballs were laid down by the Football Association. Previous to this, footballs were made out of inflated leather, with later leather coverings to help footballs maintain their shapes. In 1872 the specifications were revised, and these rules have been left essentially unchanged as defined by the International Football Association Board. Differences in footballs created since this rule came into effect have been to do with the material used in their creation.
Of the 45 nationalFIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) affiliates in which English is an official or primary language, 43 use football in their organisations' official names (Canada and the United States use soccer). Soccer is the prevailing term for association football in the U.S. and Canada, where other codes of football are dominant. In 2005, Australia's association football governing body changed its name from soccer to football to align with the general international usage of the term. In 2006, New Zealand decided to follow suit.
The EnterpriseLadyCats battled Oak Mountain in the Class 7A StateSoccer Championship on May 8 before falling 5-0 to finish as runner-up ... “We’re the first girls soccer team to make to the finals ... They love each other and they love the game of soccer ... She brought a wealth of soccer knowledge and enthusiasm with her to practice daily.”.
... of the Italian soccer federation (FIGC) said on Monday ... UEFA, other teams and fan organisations, however, said the league would only boost the power and wealth of elite clubs, with European soccer's governing body insisting on Friday that the three clubs will face sanctions.
... head of the Italian soccer federation (FIGC) said on Monday ... UEFA, other teams and fan organisations, however, said the league would only boost the power and wealth of elite clubs, with European soccer's governing body insisting on Friday that the three clubs will face sanctions.
The latest news? The gated, 0.67-acre property at 1551 S.W. Upper Hall St ... There’s fun interspersed with the sophisticated finishes ... Portland Trail Blazers, soccer player Abby Wambach and other pro athletes have made the Portland metro area their home. More than wealth and status separate their dwellings from most everyone else's ... — JanetEastman .
Around 11 in the evening we stopped at the popular pizza outlet on one of the main thoroughfares in the city ... The presence of a large play area seemed to attract a lot of young ones ... We cannot bask in the glory of newly opened airports or soccer stadiums. Our wealth is in these kids, and it is they who shall determine the course of tomorrow ... — Tariq A.
that this was the only way to save soccer, that the rising tide lifts all boats, that there was no other option ... Their issue is the presence, in European soccer, of the second group ... Their principal interest is in using their private wealth to gain a competitive edge. They are not involved in soccer to make money ... Soccer has no such mechanisms.
London...The English clubs capitulated under massive pressure from fans, politicians, soccer officials and even British royals who said the Super League would boost the power and wealth of the elite clubs and hurt the game. "I welcome last night’s announcement," Johnson said ... .
The English clubs capitulated under massive pressure from fans, politicians, soccer officials and even British royals who said the Super League would boost the power and wealth of the elite clubs and hurt the game. read more. "I welcome last night’s announcement," Johnson said ... Our Standards ... ....
LONDON...The English clubs capitulated under massive pressure from fans, politicians, soccer officials and even British royals who said the Super League would boost the power and wealth of the elite clubs and hurt the game. "I welcome last night’s announcement," Johnson said ... We must continue to protect our cherished national game." ... .
The Super League, an alliance of a dozen of the world’s best, richest and most popular teams, would have redrawn soccer’s structures and economics, and brought about one of the largest redistributions of wealth in sports history by funneling billions of dollars to a handful of clubs that would be permanent members of the new elite competition.
The league they have agreed to form — an alliance of top clubs closer in concept to closed leagues like the NFL and the NBA than soccer’s current model — would bring about the most significant restructuring of elite European soccer since the 1950s, and could herald the largest transfer of wealth to a small set of teams in modern sports history.
MANCHESTER, England (Reuters) – European soccer’s governing body UEFA on Monday said ... The breakaway has been heavily criticised by soccer authorities, fan organisations and politicians across Europe who say it entrenches the wealth and power of a small elite of clubs.
European soccer's governing body Uefa on Monday said clubs and players joining a proposed breakaway Super League could be banned from all of its competitions and the World Cup.","content"."European soccer's governing body Uefa on Monday said clubs ...
European soccer's governing body UEFA on Monday said clubs and players joining a proposed ... The breakaway has been criticized by soccer authorities, fan organizations, and several politicians across Europe who say it entrenches the wealth and power of a small elite of clubs.